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This is Scott's Russian Invasion page

    Citing the friendship treaty, Soviet control replaced Amin as head of 
government with former deputy prime minister, Kamal Barbak. The party now in 
control of the nation was the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan,
which was largely a proxy regime for Russia. The Afghanistan government
then used certain rights given to them by the friendship treaty to call in
massive amounts of soviet forces, including two entire ground divisions and
25,000 troops. They used these forces to take control of the capitol at
Kabul and several other major cities and transportation nodes in
Afghanistan. (CIA,  2007)

     The PDPA then began instituting a new Socialist Revolution, which
redistributed monopolized land holdings, relieved peasant indenture status,
reformed women’s rights, and outlawed old customs that the many tribes of 
Afghanistan were based on. This sparked a violent uprising of many rebel 
factions (see mujahideen) . These rebels used guerilla and
sabotage tactics to combat the soviets and the government troops. These
efforts were backed by the United States, Saudi Arabia, and other nations
that opposed the communist movement. These countries supplied arms and
training to the rebels. Among other weaponry, the rebels were supplied with
Stinger anti-aircraft missile launchers, which proved to be very effective
against Soviet Helicopters. (CIA, 2007)

     Eventually this conflict proved to be too costly and time consuming for
Russia, and they began to remove their occupation. They withdrew their last
troops in 1989 (Afghanistan-Timeline 2011).  This meant that the Soviet troops had
been a presence in Afghanistan for an entire decade. Their
total number of casualties came to 49,099 soldiers (Taubman, 1988.) That
excludes the number of Afghan government soldiers who died in this conflict.

1) U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. (2007). "Predicting the Soviet Invasion of
Afghanistan: The Intelligence Community's
Record." Retrieved from
(2) Afghanistan-Timeline. (March 15, 2011). BBC News,
(3) Taubman, Philip. (May 26, 1998). Copyright 2011. "Soviet Lists Afghan War Toll:
13,310 Dead, 35,478 Wounded." NY Times.